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Food Groups in Nutrition

The human body is an incredible feat of natural bioengineering, we have evolved over the years into  a species that governs a planet, every day we discover new things. In the past the we have survived through strong Agricultural growth and animal farming, in more recent years we have even started to chemically create foods in an attempt to create lasting viable sources of nourishment.

Listed are the more common groups without going too far into Genetically Modified foods, which will ultimately fall into one of the following categories anyway. The information given is designed as a guide to understanding more about food types and what use they have in the body. It is important to remember that while some ingredients will not strictly be line with their groups, for the most part you can compare like for like.

While the human body is capable of surviving off very little, good health requires a little more consideration. It's wise in whatever diet you may attempt to know the foods you are eating and how they're processed by the body, those undertaking significant change should always consult a Doctor prior to the diet.


A food group consisting of ingredients made up of Amino Acids group that should be smaller than most when dealing with diet, it includes all kinds of meats into the family, examples such as Chicken, Fish, Pork or Beef. It also includes some non-specific foods like eggs and in more recent years, meat alternatives.

More on Protein...


A larger food group that encompasses a lot more ingredients and is sometimes referred to as Grains or Cereals. It includes any starchy foods such as Potatoes, Rice, Pasta and Wheat. Peas and Sweetcorn are also part of this group for their high starch content.

More on Carbohydrates...

Fruits and Free Vegetables

Another large food group, containing plant based foods and used to denote any Fruits or Vegetables that are not classed as Starchy Carbohydrates or Protein. This is often the second largest group a person should have with their meal and contains a wide variety of food.

More on Fruit and Vegetables...


A product made from the milk of any mammal and does not include plant 'milk' such as Soy or Almond, which are classed as protein. Dairy products also include Cheeses, Creams and Butter, which are all used in a variety of food stuffs and meals.

More on Dairy...


There are different types of fat, some are more harmful than others and some are necessary for the body to function properly. With a strong difference between the treatment inside the body. Examples, such as the use of Saturated and Unsaturated Fats are wise to know when aiming for a healthy diet.

More on Fats...


Often neglected when we think of loosing weight, this simple element can be the difference between success and failure. It is key to our survival and every day requirement to the body and the amount of water can often govern how well our bodies cope.

Just remember...

For the majority of people, these groups are often mixed in meals but it is still important to understand what you are gaining from each ingredient, reducing the chance of empty calories and chemicals that may be damaging to your body. Without an understanding of each food group it can be difficult to make the conscious decision of what your body actually needs, rather than what it wants.

A greater understanding of ingredients will also allow you to alter any issues you may have with your body already, those that are lacking in certain nutrients may find great benefits from knowing which food they can add to their diet and which they should aim to reduce.

Due to the convenience of modern food culture i.e. Fast Food, Ready Meals and Take-Away Food, we can often fall into bad habits and spend many days of the month, gaining excess calories that contain no further value other than to sate hunger for a meal.