Food groups in nutrition

The human body is an incredible feat of natural engineering. We have evolved over the years into a species that governs the planet, every day we discover new things. In the past we have survived through strong agricultural growth and animal farming, in more recent years we have even started to chemically alter foods in an attempt to create lasting viable sources of nurishment.

While the human body is capable of surviving off very little, good health requires a little more consideration. It's wise in whatever diet you may attempt to know the foods you are eating and how they're processed by the body. Those undertaking significant changes should always consult with their doctor prior to starting the diet.

The information given is designed as a guide to understanding more about food types and what use they have in the body. It is important to remember that while some ingredients will not strictly be inline with their groups, for the most part you can compare like for like.

Here are the more common food group categories, which all foods will ultimately fall into it:


Protein is a food group consisting of ingredients made up of amino acids, which should be smaller than most when dealing with dieting. It includes all kinds of meats such as Chicken, Fish, Pork and Beef. It also includes some non-specific foods like Eggs, and in more recent years meat alternatives.

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Carbohydrates is a larger food group that encompasses a lot more ingredients, and is sometimes referred to as Grains or Cereals. It includes any starchy foods such as Potatoes, Rice, Pasta and Wheat. Peas and Sweetcorn are also part of this group for their high starch content.

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Fresh fruit and vegetables

This is often the second largest group a person should have with their meal. Containing plant based foods and used to denote any Fruits or Vegetables that are not classed as starchy Carbohydrates or Proteins.

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Dairy products are made from the milk of any mammal and does not include plant 'milk' such as Soy or Almond, which are classed as Proteins. Dairy products also include Cheeses, Creams and Butter which are all used in a variety of food stuffs and meals.

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There are different types of fat, some are more harmful than others and some are necessary for the body to function properly. Knowing how the body uses Saturated and Unsaturated Fats is wise when aiming for a healthy diet.

Read more about Fats